Breast cancer ‘screening’ refers to tests that are supposed to find out, ‘Is a cancer present, or not?’.
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It’s like, we test 1000 women (which is ‘screening’ them), and hopefully find about 3 to 5 breast cancers. There is clear evidence that breast cancer screening programs are saving lives, because breast cancer is much more treatable when detected at an early stage. A major goal of breast cancer screening programs is also promotion of their programs, to encourage women begin to participate in screening at an earlier age, and to have re-tests every one to two years.
General discussion of breast cancer screening programs, and risk of breast cancer.
Breast cancer screening programs have also created a lot of data, that researchers have published, providing many interesting statistics.
- Breast cancer screening rates and mortality reduction
- Benefits and drawbacks of breast cancer screening mammograms.
- Breast self examinations for potential breast cancer lumps
- A sample of typical breast cancer screening results: statistics
- Breast Cancer Screening results worldwide
- Statistical breast cancer screening outcomes in Canada, US, and UK
- Lifetime risk of breast cancer development and other risk factors; hormone levels, breast density, BRCA variants.
- The Gail Model of breast cancer risk calculations
- Obesity and increased risk of breast cancer
Typical findings in breast cancer screening, using mammography.
Breast cancer screening usually involves mammograms, which are a specialized breast X-ray. On a mammogram, it is hopefully possible to see an abnormal mass in the breast tissue, that might not be palpable (able to be felt). Sometimes other imaging modalities are also employed in breast cancer screening, such as an ultrasound or possibly Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
- Mammogram and Ultrasound image studes: breast cancer screening.
- Mammographic abnormalities commonly found in breast cancer screening programs.
- Mammographic mass characteristics of malignant and benign breast cancer lesions
- Scintimammography: an additional dye-tracing technique sometimes used in breast cancer screening.
- Scintimammography:clinical applications in screening and staging of potential breast cancers.
- A general discussion of conventional mammography and breast cancer screening procedures.
- The benefits of using ultrasound in screening of breast cancer.
- Use of MRI in breast cancer screening
- Additional factors to consider regarding MRI used for breast cancer screening and treatment
- Typical situations when breast MRI will be brought into the breast cancer screening process.
- MRI screening for women at higher than normal risk for breast cancer development
- Additional breast cancer MRI scanning techniques. Contrast enhancement overview. Neovascularity and Angiogenesis contrast enhancement
- MRI enhancment Morphology lexicon: degree of enhancement may suggest breast cancer
- breast cancer screening MRI enhancement kinetics lexicon: timed changes in image can suggest or exclude breast cancer.
- Breast cancer screening using PET scans
- Post mammography follow-up. Likely procedures.
- Multifocal and multicentric breast tumors
- Common presenting complaints for women ultimately diagnoses with breast cancer.
Interpretations of breast cancer screening procedures and mammograms
Typically, if there is anything suspicious found on a screening mammogram, the report will recommend that a biopsy sample should be taken. The microscopic study of biopsy specimens is still considered part of the ‘screening’ workup process for breast cancer.
- BI-RADS assessment categories: an assessment of breast cancer risk and suspicious findings.
- Workup of BI-RADS 4 and 5 category lesions.
- Breast density and ACR Bi-rads breast pattern classifications
- ‘Le-Gal’ classifications of microcalcifications present on breast X-rays.
- Overview of breast microcalcifications and indications regarding breast cancer
- Potentially malignant microcalcifications: Interepreting microcalcification textures in breast X-rays.
- Mass characteristics and follow-up at breast cancer screening
- Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma: solid nodules. Interpreting breast ultrasound images suspicious of breast cancer
- Therapeutic management of non-invasive breast lesions
- Relative Risk Ratios for breast cancer associated with screening pathology
- Breast cancer malignancy detection using MRI
- Follow-up screening using magnetic resonance imaging
- MRI and issues in DCIS detection in breast cancer screening.
- Radiological presentation of ductal carcinoma in situ.
- Histologies of proliferative cellular conditions often found in breast cancer screening: a progression.
- Detection of Lobular Carcinoma in situ.
- The importance of detecting DCIS by spotting malignant microcalcifications
- Architectural Distortion
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